space

Galileo and the Exploration of Jupiter

Galileo and the Exploration of Jupiter

Artist Impression of Galileo encountering Io On October 18, 1989, the unmanned NASA spacecraft Galileo was launched on her mission to study the planet Jupiter and its moons. Named after the astronomer Galileo Galilei, it consisted of an orbiter and entry probe, which descended into Jupiter’s atmosphere. It was Galileo Galilei, who connected us to the skies in 1609, when he demonstrated the improved instrument “for seeing things far away as if…
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Konstantin Tsiolkovsky – Founding Father of Astronautics

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky – Founding Father of Astronautics

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Monument(1857 – 1935) On September 17, 1857, Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was born. He is considered to be one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics and contributed to the success of the Soviet space program. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was home schooled and spent most of his free time reading and solving problems in mathematics and physics and around his teenage…
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Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

On December 11, 1972, Apollo 17 with Commander Eugene A. Cernan, Command Module Pilot Ronald E. Evans, and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison H. Schmitt landed in the Taurus-Littrow valley on the lunar surface and were (so far) the last men to set foot on the Moon. Apollo 17 was the eleventh and final mission of the United States‘ Apollo program, the sixth mission to land humans on the Moon. While earlier Apollo missions…
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A4 – The First Human Built Vessel To Touch Outer Space

A4 – The First Human Built Vessel To Touch Outer Space

Launch of a V-2 in Peenemünde four seconds after taking off from test stand, Summer 1943 photo: German Federal Archives On October 3, 1942, the very first vessel constructed by humans, the ‘Aggregat 4‘ (A4) touched outer space. The liquid-propellant rocket was designed to be the world‘s first long-range combat-ballistic missile, but also the first known human artifact to enter outer space. Everything began with Wernher von Braun, who acquired a copy…
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SpaceShipOne – the first private Spaceship

SpaceShipOne – the first private Spaceship

Spaceship One and White Knight in flight On September 29, 2004, the Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the prize. Thus, SpaceShipOne also officially became the very first commercial spaceship, after achieving the very first space testflight already on June 21, 2004. The Ansari X Prize was proposed in 1995 demanding a demonstration of a private vehicle capable of flying…
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The First Image from Abroad – Earth Rising and Lunar Orbiter 1

The First Image from Abroad – Earth Rising and Lunar Orbiter 1

Crescent of the Earth, photographed August 23, 1966 at 16:35 GMT by Lunar Orbiter 1 On August 23, 1966, the space probe Lunar Orbiter 1 sent the very first images of the earth rising above the moon’s surface back to earth. Lunar Orbiter 1 was part of the Lunar Orbiter program started in the 1960’s in preparation to the Apollo moon landing. The project consisted of five unmanned spacecrafts, equally built to…
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