space

The First US Space Station Skylab

The First US Space Station Skylab

On May 25, 1973, the first crew of astronauts reached the US space station Skylab. Skylab was the first US space station and orbited Earth from 1973 to 1979. Already in the 1950s it was expected by space scientists, that a space station would be a necessary step in space exploration. Wernher von Braun envisioned a very large space station with room for about 80 people including astronomers, meteorologists and soldiers to…
Dennis Tito, Space Tourist

Dennis Tito, Space Tourist

Crew of Soyuz TM-32. (from left: Dennis Tito, Talgat Musabayev, and Yuri Baturin) On April 28, 2001, American engineer and multimillionaire Dennis Tito joined the Soyuz TM-32 mission to the International Space Station ISS, spending 7 days, 22 hours, 4 minutes in space and orbiting Earth 128 times. He paid $20 Mio for his trip, which made him the very first space tourist in history. Who ever thought that space…
TIROS-1 and the First TV pictures of the Earth from Space

TIROS-1 and the First TV pictures of the Earth from Space

First TV Image of Earth from Space On April 1, 1960, U.S. weather satellite TIROS-1 sends the very first TV picture of the Earth from space. Today, we are used to satellite pictures from the earth in the daily weather report. But, there was a time some 50 years ago, when when pictures of the earth from space were still something exciting. TIROS I (or TIROS-1, short for Television and…
The Deorbit of Russian Space Station MIR

The Deorbit of Russian Space Station MIR

Space Station MIR – shortly before deorbit On March 23, 2001, Soviet space station MIR after more than 10 years of operation reentered Earth’s atmosphere and crashed down in the Southern Pacific. MIR held the record for the largest artificial satellite orbiting the Earth until that record was surpassed by the International Space Station. Mir was the first modular space station and was assembled in orbit from 1986 to 1996.…
The first Modular Space Station – Mir

The first Modular Space Station – Mir

Russian Space Station Mir, backdropped against Earth, taken from the Space Shuttle Atlantis On February 19, 1986, the main module of Russian space station Mir was launched from Baikonur, Russia. Mir was the first modular space station and operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001. In 1976, Mir was authorized in order to design an improved model of the Salyut space stations and in 1986, the second launch…
The Exploration of Asteroid Eros

The Exploration of Asteroid Eros

Artist’s conception of the NEAR Shoenmaker spacecraft On February 14, 2000, NASA space probe NEAR Shoemaker entered orbit of the asteroid Eros to study the near-Earth asteroid from close orbit over a period of a year. The mission succeeded in closing in with the asteroid and orbited it several times, finally terminating by touching down on the asteroid on 12 February 2001. Eros was throughout history often object of scientific…
The Russian Space Shuttle

The Russian Space Shuttle

On November 15, 1988, the Soviet space shuttle Buran took off for its one and only spaceflight. This remains the only Soviet space shuttle that was launched into space, as the Buran program was cancelled in 1993. Even though the Soviet’s space-craft program started officially in the 1950’s, not a single project came into production and was organized sporadically only. The very first steps towards the Buran program were taken…
Galileo and the Exploration of Jupiter

Galileo and the Exploration of Jupiter

Artist Impression of Galileo encountering Io On October 18, 1989, the unmanned NASA spacecraft Galileo was launched on her mission to study the planet Jupiter and its moons. Named after the astronomer Galileo Galilei, it consisted of an orbiter and entry probe, which descended into Jupiter’s atmosphere. It was Galileo Galilei, who connected us to the skies in 1609, when he demonstrated the improved instrument “for seeing things far away…
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky – Founding Father of Astronautics

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky – Founding Father of Astronautics

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Monument(1857 – 1935) On September 17, 1857, Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was born. He is considered to be one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics and contributed to the success of the Soviet space program. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was home schooled and spent most of his free time reading and solving problems in mathematics and physics and around…
Juri Gagarin – the first Man in Space

Juri Gagarin – the first Man in Space

Yuri Gagarin and Vostok 1 On 12 April 1961, aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1), Soviet pilot Yuri Gagarin became both the first human to travel into space, and also the first to orbit the earth. Yuri Gagarin was born into a family of farmers. At the age of 16, he an apprenticeship as a foundryman and enrolled at a “young workers school” before started studying at the Industrial Technical…
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