printing

Richard March Hoe and the Rotary Printing Press

Richard March Hoe and the Rotary Printing Press

On September 12, 1812, American inventor Richard March Hoe was born. Hoe designed a rotary printing press and related advancements, including the “Hoe web perfecting press” in 1871, which used a continuous roll of paper and revolutionized newspaper publishing. Richard March Hoe was born in New York City, the son of Robert Hoe, an English-born American mechanic from Leicestershire, who with brothers-in-law Peter and Matthew Smith had established a steam-powered manufactory…
Andreas Osiander and Copernicus’ Revolutions

Andreas Osiander and Copernicus’ Revolutions

On October 17, 1552, German Lutheran theologian Andreas Osiander passed away. Osiander published a corrected edition of the Vulgate Bible in 1522 and oversaw the publication of the book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the revolution of the celestial spheres) by Copernicus in 1543. Osiander pursued mathematics as a hobby and editted Cardano‘s Artis Magnae, which introduced the theory of algebraic equations. Andreas Osiander studied at the University of Ingolstadt…
Chester Carlson and Xerography

Chester Carlson and Xerography

On September 19, 1968, American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney Chester F. Carlson passed away. He is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. Carlson’s process was subsequently renamed xerography, a term that literally means “dry writing.” It is believed that when Chester Carlson was about ten years old, he created…
The Mainz Psalter and its Colophon

The Mainz Psalter and its Colophon

On August 14, 1457, the Mainz Psalter, the second major book printed with movable type in the West, was published according to its colophon, which was the very first to contain a date. Also it was the first important publication issued by Johann Fust and Peter Schoeffer following their split from Johannes Gutenberg. Johann Fust and Peter Schoeffer famously carried on a partnership after Fust sued and won a case against Johann…
George Baxter and the Color Printing Process

George Baxter and the Color Printing Process

On July 31, 1804, English artist and printer George Baxter was born. Baxter is credited with the invention of commercially viable colour printing. Though colour printing had been developed in China centuries before, it was not commercially viable. Baxter used wood and metal colour blocks in conjunction with steel key plates and using oil inks. George Baxter was born in 1804 in Lewes, Sussex, the second son of John Baxter…
Frederick Eugene Ives and the Halftone Printing Process

Frederick Eugene Ives and the Halftone Printing Process

  On February 17, 1856, American photographer and inventor Frederic Eugene Ives was born. He is probably best known for his invention of the halftone process, a method of reproducing photographs on a printing press. In 1881, he was the first to make a three-colour print from halftone blocks. Further inventions in photography and color printing yielded 70 patents. Born near Litchfield, Connecticut, Ives after receiving a public school education apprenticed…
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