On November 4, 1847, the German composer, pianist, and organist of the Romantic era Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy passed away. He is regarded as one of the most important Romantic musicians and, as a conductor, set new standards that continue to shape conducting to this day.
“People usually complain that music is so ambiguous, and what they are supposed to think when they hear it is so unclear, while words are understood by everyone. But for me it is exactly the opposite…what the music I love expresses to me are thoughts not to indefinite for words, but rather too definite.”
– Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn Background and Education
Felix Mendelssohn was born in 1809 to a family of intellectuals, who tried to give their children as much educational support as possible. Even though his parents first hesitated to letting their son begin a musical career, they noticed his huge talent. Due to his parent’s social status, the family often had many prominent visitors such as Wilhelm and Alexander von Humboldt, but most important for Felix Mendelssohn they invited numerous artists and musicians, who had a great influence in his later career.
Mendelssohn was lucky to receive a very intense musical education and was soon regarded as a child prodigy, just like Mozart in his early years. He wrote his first symphony for a full orchestra at the age of 15 and composed several other piano quartets, and a dozen string symphonies. He was introduced to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1821, who became one of his greatest fans and had Mendelssohn set several of his poems into music. One of the most famous might be ‘The First Walpurgis Night‘
Felix Menselssohn became a star at the age of 20, he traveled around Europe where everyone was stunned by the genius and introduced him to important figures in the community, providing him with numerous assignments. He worked for the revival of Johann Sebastian Bach, who almost was forgotten as a composer in Germany and was able to conduct his very own Scottish Symphony with the Queen and Prince Albert in the audience.
The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra named Mendelssohn conductor in 1835, which he gratefully accepted even though he had several other offers. It was also in Leipzig, where he performed his oratorio ‘St. Paul’, which was seen as Mendelssohn’s masterpiece.
Mendelssohn was a man always occupied with his work, which he mastered very cautiously and accurate and it may be the reason for his overall detachment from regular social happenings and sometimes the overworked genius even had so called fits where he talked continuously in English without any context and acting totally out of the order. These serious breakdown may have been contributing to his fading health and his early death at the age of only 38.
But despite his odd personality, the genius composer of the many operas, piano pieces, and organ musics is seen as one of the most important musicians of the Romantic era. The famous composer Ferruccio Busoni admired his work deeply and considered Mendelssohn as ‘a master of undisputed greatness’. During his lifetime, Mendelssohn Bartholdy was also committed to the performance of Handel’s and Johann Sebastian Bach‘s works. He thus made a significant contribution to their rediscovery and to the development of an understanding of the “classical” epoch of German music. He is regarded as a co-founder of historical music care and founded the first conservatory in Germany.
At yovisto academic video search you may enjoy a video about the ‘Romantic Opera’ from Yale University.
References and Further Reading:
-  Mendelssohn in Classical Archives
-  Mendelssohn at Britannica Online
-  Felix Mendelssohn at Wikidata
-  Timeline for Felix Mendelssohn via Wikidata
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