On November 27, 1921, U.S. military pilot, human factors engineer, instructor and test pilot Dora Dougherty Strother was born. Dougherty Strother achieved two world records for women helicopter pilots, previously held by Russians. She is best known as a Woman Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) and B-29 Superfortress demonstration pilot.
Dora Jean Dougherty Strother earned her PhD in Aviation Education in 1955. For her academic achievements, Strother earned the Amelia Earhart Award and in 1966 she was awarded the Achievement Award by the American Association of University Women. In 1940, Strother received her pilot certificate via the Civilian Pilot Training Program. She became the sixth woman in the United States to earn an airline transport pilot license.
When women were allowed to attend training programs, two initial programs were established, the Women’s Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS) and the 319th Women’s Flying Training Detachment (WFTD). Both programs were merged in 1943 as Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASP), which Strother joined. As part of her job, Strother participated in flight training, target towing for antiaircraft gunnery, ferrying, and radio control piloting. WASPS like Strother flew almost every type of plane used by Army Air Forces such as liaison, training, and cargo aircraft. They also flew and trained other pilots to fly fighters, dive bombers, attack bombers, and heavy bombers like the B-29. In 1944, Strother and Dorothea Johnson Moorman were selected to learn to fly the Boeing B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber. Even though the plane was considered dangerous and cumbersome, Strother and Moorman flew the B-29 from Birmingham, Alabama, to Clovis, New Mexico. At their destination, the two women took male crews on flights and further trained them, demonstrating the feasibility of flying the B-29.
Dora Strother started working at the University of Illinois after the WASP was disbanded. There she taught primary, advanced, and instrument flight courses. In 1950, Strother studied Aviation Education earning her doctorate from New York University five years later. In 1958, she began working for Bell Aircraft as a human factors engineer, where she designed helicopter cockpits. She further developed expertise in helicopter flight and became a test pilot for Bell Helicopter company. During her thirty-four hours of helicopter flight time, she set two world records for altitude and distance. The record for altitude was set in a Bell 47G-3 helicopter. After Strothers retirement from Bell Helicopter as Chief of Human Factors Engineering and Cockpit Arrangement, she started serving as a member of the U.S. Army Science Board.
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