computer

Who remembers Apple’s Lisa?

Who remembers Apple’s Lisa?

On January 19, 1983, the Apple Lisa was introduced, the first personal computer to offer a graphical user interface in an inexpensive machine aimed at individual business users. Although a commercial failure, the Lisa paved the way for the famous Apple MacIntosh released in 1984 [4]. I don’t know if you are old enough to remember the early 1980s. But the era of personal computers had just began, which means there were small…
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The Birth of the Transistor, Key Component of Modern Electronics

The Birth of the Transistor, Key Component of Modern Electronics

On December 22, 1947, John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley at ATT‘s Bell Labs developed the first transistor, the key active component in practically all modern electronics. Vacuum Tubes as Predecessor of Transistors The transistor is a three terminal, solid state electronic device. In a three terminal device one can control electric current or voltage between two of the terminals by applying an electric current or voltage to the third terminal.…
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Douglas Engelbart and the Computer Mouse

Douglas Engelbart and the Computer Mouse

On November 17, 1962, U.S. American computer pioneer Douglas C. Engelbart has been granted a patent on the world’s first computer mouse. Using the computer mouse has become as normal as eating with knife and fork these days. But this has not always been the case, since the first computers had no graphical interface and every command had to be typed in via a traditional keyboard, which made the use of computers quite sometimes rather complicated. It…
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The Creation of the First Web Page

The Creation of the First Web Page

On November 13, 1990, one day after Tim Berners-Lee‘s and Robert Cailliau‘s publication of the concept of a world wide hypertext system [2], the first web page was created.[1] Today, everyday life without the World Wide Web, or simply the Web, has become next to impossible. Our daily live depends on news being spread over the web and ecommerce has become a convenient commodity. Nobody wants to live without it. Incredible, but only 25…
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The Story of the Morris Worm – First Malware hits the Internet

The Story of the Morris Worm – First Malware hits the Internet

On November 2, 1988, Cornell student Robert T. Morris launched the very first computer worm on the internet – and subsequently becoming the first person convicted under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. Today his programme is referred to as “Morris Worm” and he is a tenured professor in the department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “There may be a virus loose on the internet.”…
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Bill Gates – From Entrepreneur to Philantrop

Bill Gates – From Entrepreneur to Philantrop

On October 28, 1955 entrepreneur William Henry “Bill” Gates III, or simply Bill Gates, was born in Seattle, Washington. He has left his footstep in history with creating the incredibly successful operating system Microsoft Windows or his office application programs MS Word, MS Powerpoint, or MS Excel. Information technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don’t think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about the other. – Bill Gates…
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Wilhelm Schickard and his Calculating Clock

Wilhelm Schickard and his Calculating Clock

On October 23, 1635, German astronomer and mathematician Wilhelm Schickard, who constructed the very first mechanical calculator, passed away. His famous calculator was able to perform additions and subtractions. For more complicated operations, it provided so-called Napier bones, named after the Scottish mathematician John Napier,[1] who came up with the idea of logarithms. Although it is widely believed that the first mechanical calculating device was created by the French mathematician Blaise Pascal in…
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Scott Fahlman and the Origin of the Emoticons :-)

Scott Fahlman and the Origin of the Emoticons :-)

On September 19, 1982, Scott Fahlman posted the first documented emoticons 🙂 and 🙁 on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System. As SMS and the Internet became widespread in the late 1990s, emoticons became increasingly popular and were commonly used on text messages, internet forums and e-mails. Emoticons have played a significant role in communication through technology. “I often think there should exist a special typographical sign for a smile —…
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Linux at the Core of the Open Source Revolution

Linux at the Core of the Open Source Revolution

On September 17, 1991, the Finnish student of computer science Linus Torvalds, uploaded Linux kernel version 0.01 to the ftp server ftp.funet.fi. This might be considered as the date of birth of the famous free operating system Linux, although Torvalds announced the new OS a few weeks earlier on usenet already. Nevertheless, Linux has become one of the most popular operating systems today, and this of course with a god reason…. I…
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The Hero of Mushroom Kingdom saves Princess Toadstool – Super Mario!

The Hero of Mushroom Kingdom saves Princess Toadstool – Super Mario!

On September 13, 1985, Nintendo‘s jump-’n’-run video game Super Mario Bros. was released and Princess Toadstool could finally be saved from Bowser and his evil forces by the hero of the Mushroom Kingdom, Super Mario! Industrial designer Shigeru Miyamoto, who was hired by Nintendo in 1977, developed titles such as Donkey Kong (Arcade, 1981) and Mario Bros. (Arcade, 1983) with the later Game Boy inventor Gunpei Yokoi [6]. The success of these games…
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