realism

Gustave Courbet and French Realism

Gustave Courbet and French Realism

On June 10, 1819, French painter Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet was born, who led the Realism movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. Gustave Courbet was born in in Ornans, a village in the Franche-Comté in eastern France, to Régis and Sylvie Oudot Courbet, a prosperous farming family with anti-monarchical…
Theodor Fontane and German Realism

Theodor Fontane and German Realism

On September 20, 1898, German novelist and poet Theodor Fontane passed away. Fontane is regarded by many as the most important 19th-century German-language realist writer. Theodor Fontane was born in Neuruppin, a town 30 miles northwest of Berlin, into a Huguenot family as son of the pharmacist Louis Henri Fontane. At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to an apothecary. His further education was in Leipzig where he came…
John Steinbeck and his View of the American Society

John Steinbeck and his View of the American Society

John Steinbeck(1902 – 1968) On February 27, 1902, American writer and Pulitzer Prize winner and Nobel Laureate John Steinbeck was born. His works comprise twenty-seven books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books, and five collections of short stories, among them ‘The Grapes of Wrath’, ‘East of Eden’, and ‘Of Mice and Men’. John Steinbeck grew up in California and also many of his later stories play in the area south…
The Short but Influential Life of Stephen Crane

The Short but Influential Life of Stephen Crane

Stephen Crane (1871-1900) On June 5, 1900, famous american writer Stephen Crane died at age 28. Despite of his youth, he already had become one of the icons of american literature. Most famous is his american civil war novel ‘The Red Badge of Courage‘, which has been read by almost every american high school kid. Crane was one of America’s foremost realistic writers, and his works have been credited with…
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