SciHi Blog

Paul Gauguin’s Way Back to Primitivism

Paul Gauguin’s Way Back to Primitivism

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Selfportrait, 1893 On June 7, 1848, French painter Paul Gauguin was born. He is considered a leading French Post-Impressionist artist who was not well appreciated until after his death. Then he was finally recognized for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style that were distinguishably different from Impressionism. Actually, Paul Gauguin has raised much controversy. Some consider him a syphilitic paedophile and others think of him as an…
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Regiomontanus – Forerunner of Modern Astronomy

Regiomontanus – Forerunner of Modern Astronomy

Regiomontanus(1436 – 1476) On June 6, 1436, German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, translator, instrument maker and Catholic bishop Johannes Müller aus Königsberg was born, better known under the Latinized version of his name as Regiomontanus. His diligent and accurate observations, measurements and recordings paved the way for modern astronomers such as Tycho Brahe and Nikolaus Copernicus. Johanne Müller aus Königsberg grew up in a well situated family, and got in touch with astronomical…
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John Maynard Keynes and his General Theory of Employment

John Maynard Keynes and his General Theory of Employment

John Maynard Keynes(1883 – 1946) On June 5, 1883, British economist John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron of Keynes, was born. His work and his ideas have fundamentally affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, and informed the economic policies of governments. He is one of the founders of modern macroeconomics and is widely considered the most influential economist of the 20th century. John Maynard Keynes, born in England, was the son…
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Giacomo Casanova’s Literary Legacy

Giacomo Casanova’s Literary Legacy

Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) On June 4, 1798, Italian adventurer and author Giacomo Girolamo Casanova passed away. Although being famous or almost notorious because of his frequent and elaborate love affairs, he also is considered to be a brilliant author. His autobiography ‘Histoire de ma vie‘ (The Story of my Life), is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century. Being…
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Hernan de Soto’s American Expedition

Hernan de Soto’s American Expedition

Hernando de Soto(1496/1497 – 1542) On June 3, 1539, Spanish conquistador and explorer Hernan de Soto, with all the dignitaries and necessary paraphernalia, took formal possession of La Florida, where he landed nine ships with more than 620 men and 220 horses. De Soto’s expedition was the first European expedition leading deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, searching for gold, silver and also a passage to China. Moreover, he…
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Surveyor 1 Lands on the Moon

Surveyor 1 Lands on the Moon

Surveyor 1 – Lunar Landerphoto: ©NASA On June 2, 1966, spaceprobe Surveyor 1, the first of NASA’s unmanned Surveyor program, as the first American spaceprobe achieved a soft landing on the moon about half a year after the first Moon landing by the Soviet Union’s Luna 9 probe. Already on February 3, 1966, the Luna 9 spacecraft had softly landed on the Moon, which also was the first of any planetary body…
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Carl Bechstein and his famous Pianos

Carl Bechstein and his famous Pianos

Carl Bechstein (1826 – 1900) On June 1, 1826, Carl Bechstein was born, who became widely known for his German piano manufacture. His pianos met the demands mostly of Romantic Era musicians such as Franz Liszt or Hans von Bülow at first, which made the company famous globally. At the age of 14, Carl Bechstein was apprenticed at a piano manufacturer in Erfurt and continued this career in Dresden. In later years,…
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Albrecht Berblinger, the Tailor of Ulm and His Flying Machine

Albrecht Berblinger, the Tailor of Ulm and His Flying Machine

Albrecht Berblinger’s Glider On May 31, 1811, Albrecht Ludwig Berblinger, also known as the Tailor of Ulm, failed to give the proof that his machine was able to fly and fell into the Danube river during the demonstration. He is famous for having constructed a working flying machine, presumably a hang glider. Albrecht Berblinger became a tailor at the age of 13, even though he mostly enjoyed mechanical tasks. Eventually he focused…
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Mikhail Bakunin and the Anarchism

Mikhail Bakunin and the Anarchism

Mikhail Bakunin(1814 – 1876) On May 30, 1814 (julian calendar May 18), Russian revolutionary and philosopher Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin was born. Although many scholars argue if he is the founder of anarchist theory in general, he was the leading theorist of collectivist anarchism. Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin grew up in a quite politically active family with his father being a diplomat. At the age of 14, he was sent to military school in…
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Oswald Spengler and the Decline of the West

Oswald Spengler and the Decline of the West

Oswald Spengler(1880 – 1936)Image: Bundesarchiv On May 29, 1880, German historian and philosopher Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler was born. He is best known for his book The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), published in 1918 and 1922, covering all of world history. He proposed a new theory, according to which the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay. Already in Oswald Spengler was highly interested in historical…
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