SciHi Blog

Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenology

Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenology

Edmund Husserl (1859 – 1938) On April 8, 1859, German philosopher and mathematician Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl was born. He is best know as the founder of the 20th century philosophical school of phenomenology, where he broke with the positivist orientation of the science and philosophy of his day, yet he elaborated critiques of historicism and of psychologism in logic. Edmund Husserl studied astronomy in Leipzig, but also attended several lectures in…
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The Publication of the First RFC

The Publication of the First RFC

Steve Crocker wrote the very first RFC 1 on April 7, 1969 On April 7, 1969, Steve Crocker of University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), published the first Request for Comment – RFC 1 – entitled “Host Software“. This might be considered as the beginning of the internet, because Request for Comments (RFC) are memoranda describing methods, behaviors, research, or innovations applicable to the working of the Internet and Internet-connected systems. Originally,…
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The Short but Influential Life of Niels Henrik Abel

The Short but Influential Life of Niels Henrik Abel

Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829) On April 6, 1829, Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel passed away. Abel is well known in mathematics for proving the impossibility of solving the quintic equation by radicals. In parallel to Évariste Galois – who also died very young – , he laid the foundations of group theory. Nils Henrik Abel was born into a family of educated people. His father, for instance earned himself a degree in…
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Nadar and the Art of Photography

Nadar and the Art of Photography

Selfportrait of Félix Nadar (1820-1910) On April 5, 1820, Gaspard-Félix Tournachon better known under his pseudonym Nadar, war born. He is considered to be one of the first grand masters of photography, besides being a caricaturist, a journalist, a novelist, and also a reknown balloonist. Felix Nadar started studying medicine, but abandoned this subject to become a journalist and worked at first in Paris and Lyon. Back then, he was already known…
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Max and Moritz as Role Model for The Katzenjammer Kids

Max and Moritz as Role Model for The Katzenjammer Kids

Max and Moritz by Wilhelm Busch (1865) On April 4, 1865, Wilhelm Busch published his famous ‘Max and Moritz’ (in the German original: Max und Moritz – Eine Bubengeschichte in sieben Streichen), a famous German language illustrated story in verse, considered to be an early precursor of comic strips. Actually, if you are not by chance a German native speaker, you probably might never have heard of satirical author, illustrator and painter Wilhelm…
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John Napier and his Napier Bones

John Napier and his Napier Bones

John Napier(1550 — 1617) On April 4, 1617, Scottish mathematician, physicist, astronomer and astrologer John Napier of Merchiston, the 8th Laird of Merchistoun passed away. John Napier is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He was also the inventor of the so-called “Napier’s bones”, a kind of abacus for calculation of products and quotients of numbers. Napier also made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. John…
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Maria Sibylla Merian and her Love for Nature’s Details

Maria Sibylla Merian and her Love for Nature’s Details

Illuminated Copper-engraving from Metamorphosis insectorum Surinamensium by Maria Sibylla Merian On April 2, 1647, the German naturalist and scientific illustrator Maria Sibylla Merian was born. Even though she is not very well known for her achievements, she made significant contributions to entomology through the observation and documentation of the metamorphosis of the butterfly. The fact that Maria Sibylla Merian is not well known throughout the scientific community is probably caused by the…
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Apple 1 and the Homebrew Computer Club

Apple 1 and the Homebrew Computer Club

Apple I on Display at the Smithsonian (© Ed Uthman) On April 1, 1976, the original Apple Computer, also known retroactively as the Apple I was demonstrated for the first time in July 1976 at the Homebrew Computer Club in Palo Alto, California. The Apple I was a personal computer released by the Apple Computer Company designed and hand-built by Steve Wozniak. Actually it was Wozniak’s friend Steve Jobs, who had the…
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Cogito Ergo Sum – René Descartes

Cogito Ergo Sum – René Descartes

René Descartes (1596-1650) On March 31, 1596, French philosopher, mathematician, and writer René Descartes was born. The Cartesian coordinate system is named after him, allowing reference to a point in space as a set of numbers, and allowing algebraic equations to be expressed as geometric shapes in a two-dimensional coordinate system. He is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, crucial to the discovery of infinitesimal…
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Francisco Goya, Herald of Modernity

Francisco Goya, Herald of Modernity

Francisco Goya: The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters , 1797 On March 30, 1746, Spanish romantic painter and printmaker Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was born. He is regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown, and through his works was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. The subversive imaginative element in…
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