1809 – 1847
On November 4, 1847, the German composer, pianist, and organist of the Romantic era Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy passed away.
Felix Mendelssohn was born in 1809 to a family of intellectuals, who tried to give their children as much educational support as possible. Even though his parents first hesitated to letting their son begin a musical career, they noticed his huge talent. Due to his parent’s social status, the family often had many prominent visitors such as Wilhelm and Alexander von Humboldt, but most important for Felix Mendelssohn they invited numerous artists and musicians, who had a great influence in his later career.
Mendelssohn was lucky to receive a very intense musical education and was soon regarded as a child prodigy, just like Mozart in his early years. He wrote his first symphony for a full orchestra at the age of 15 and composed several other piano quartets, and a dozen string symphonies. He was introduced to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1821, who became one of his greatest fans and had Mendelssohn set several of his poems into music. One of the most famous might be ‘The First Walpurgis Night‘
Felix Menselssohn became a star at the age of 20, he traveled around Europe where everyone was stunned by the genius and introduced him to important figures in the community, providing him with numerous assignments. He worked for the revival of Johann Sebastian Bach, who almost was forgotten as a composer in Germany and was able to conduct his very own Scottish Symphony with the Queen and Prince Albert in the audience.
The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra named Mendelssohn conductor in 1835, which he gratefully accepted even though he had several other offers. It was also in Leipzig, where he performed his oratorio ‘St. Paul‘, which was seen as Mendelssohn’s masterpiece.
Mendelssohn was a man always occupied with his work, which he mastered very cautiously and accurate and it may be the reason for his overall detachment from regular social happenings and sometimes the overworked genius even had so called fits where he talked continuously in English without any context and acting totally out of the order. These serious breakdown may have been contributing to his fading health and his early death at the age of only 38.
But despite his odd personality, the genius composer of the many operas, piano pieces, and organ musics is seen as one of the most important musicians of the Romantic era. The famous composer Ferruccio Busoni admired his work deeply and considered Mendelssohn as ‘a master of undisputed greatness’.
At yovisto you may enjoy a video about the ‘Romantic Opera‘ from Yale University.
References and Further Reading:
- Felix Mendelssohn Website
- Mendelssohn in Classical Archives
- Felix Mendelssohn at Wikidata
- Timeline for Felix Mendelssohn via Wikidata
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