psychology

Phineas Gage’s Accident and the Science of the Mind and the Brain

Phineas Gage’s Accident and the Science of the Mind and the Brain

Phineas Gage(1823–1860) On September 13, 1848, Phineas Gage (aged 25) was foreman of a work gang blasting rock while preparing the roadbed for the Rutland & Burlington Railroad outside the town of Cavendish, Vermont, when a large iron rod was driven completely through his head. Much of his brain’s left frontal lobe was destroyed, reportedly affecting his personality and behavior. Phineas Gage influenced nineteenth-century discussion about the mind and brain,…
Freedom within Limits – the Education Principles of Maria Montessori

Freedom within Limits – the Education Principles of Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori(1870 – 1952) On August 31, 1870, Italian physician and educator Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori was born. She is probably best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Her educational method is in use today in public and private schools throughout the world. Maria Montessori was pretty well educated herself and mostly supported by her mother to continue school. She…
Jean Piaget and Genetic Epistemology

Jean Piaget and Genetic Epistemology

Jean Piaget (1896-1980)photo: University of Michigan On August 9, 1896, Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher Jean Piaget was born. He is best known for his epistemological studies with children. In 1934, he declared that “only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.” Piaget created the International Center for Genetic Epistemology in Geneva in 1955 and directed it until his death in 1980. The…
Kaspar Hauser, the Story of a Foundling

Kaspar Hauser, the Story of a Foundling

Painting of Kaspar Hauser On 26 May 1828, a teenage boy appeared in the streets of Nuremberg, Germany. The boy, who answered to the name Kaspar Hauser, claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell. Hauser’s claims, and his subsequent death by stabbing, sparked much debate and controversy. Some theories about him at the time linked him with the grand ducal House of Baden to…
Winnie Pooh – The Cute Bear With Severe Mental Disorders

Winnie Pooh – The Cute Bear With Severe Mental Disorders

Winnie the Pooh© Walt Disney On October 14, 1926, the children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh was first published by the autor A. A. Milne. The book was followed by several stories of the cute yellow bear and his friends and quickly became famous. Disney adopted Winnie Pooh in 1961 and the show is still running on television today, making thousands of children as happy as 86 years ago. The English author A.…
The Undiscovered Self – C. G. Jung and the Psychology

The Undiscovered Self – C. G. Jung and the Psychology

Carl Jung (lower right) and Sigmund Freud (lower left) in 1908, at Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA. What is the driving force behind our motivations and ambitions? Is it pure reasoning? Hardly, as famous psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung would argue. Moreover its the unconscious buried deep below the surface of our daily self that is responsible. Carl Gustav Jung took into account the unconscious for his new school of analytical…
You Cannot Not Communicate – Paul Watzlawick

You Cannot Not Communicate – Paul Watzlawick

Paul Watzlawick (1921 – 2007) On July 25, 1921, the psychotherapist, psychoanalytic, sociologist, philosopher, and author Paul Watzlawick was born. He was best known for his approaches in the field of schizophrenia and his five axiomes in the theory of communication. After graduating from highschool in 1939, Watzlawick studied philology and philosophy in Venice. In the 1950’s he attended the C.-G.-Jung Institute in Zurich for an apprenticeship in the field…
Elementary, my Dear Watson! – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his famous Sherlock Holmes

Elementary, my Dear Watson! – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and his famous Sherlock Holmes

Photograph of Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes © New York Public Library Digital Collection. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who died 82 years ago today in 1930, was one of the most prolific, versatile and successful authors of the late 19th and early 20th century. Besides his best known character, the ‘consulting detective’ of the London police, Sherlock Holmes and his dear friend and advisor Dr. John Watson, he also wrote science…
Freudian Slips and other Trifles

Freudian Slips and other Trifles

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) On May 6, 1856, Sigmund Freud was born, founder of modern Psychology and Psychoanalysis. As the father of Psychoanalysis, which dealt greater with subconscious motives to behavior, Sigmund Freud alone sculpted what modern psychology would become. His renowned ideas, which have focused on the Id, Ego, and Super-Ego of the mind are still studied to this very day and are employed in the offices of psychologists in…
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