physics

Robert Hooke and his Micrographia

Robert Hooke and his Micrographia

Robert HookeArtist Impression: Rita Greer On July 18, 1635 (according to the old Julian calendar), English natural philosopher, architect and polymath Robert Hooke was born. He is known for his discovery of the laws of elasticity, now known as Hooke’s law. Hooke did research in a remarkable variety of fields. He was one of the first men to build a Gregorian reflecting telescope and to suggest that Jupiter rotates on its access.…
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Now I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds

Now I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds

The Trinity explosion, 16 ms after detonation, on July 16, 1945. On July 16, 1945, the first detonation of a nuclear device with the code name Tritiny takes place in the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico. Although nuclear chain reactions had been hypothesized already in 1933 and the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (Chicago Pile-1) had taken place in December 1942, the date of the Trinity test is usually…
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Nikola Tesla – The Master of Lightnings

Nikola Tesla – The Master of Lightnings

Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943)at Colorado Springs On July 10, 1856, Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist Nikola Tesla was born. He is probably best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. Although his work fell into obscurity after his death, he experienced a renaissance in the popular culture of the late 1990s, becoming a center of many conspiracy theories…
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Georg Christoph Lichtenberg – Master of Aphorism

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg – Master of Aphorism

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg (1742-1799) On July 1, 1742, German scientist, satirist and Anglophile Georg Christoph Lichtenberg was born. He is remembered best for his posthumously published notebooks, which he himself called Sudelbücher, a description modeled on the English bookkeeping term “scrapbooks”, and his aphorisms. A book is a mirror: if an ape looks into it an apostle is hardly likely to look out. We have no words for speaking of wisdom to…
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The Mysterious Tunguska Event

The Mysterious Tunguska Event

Impact of the Tunguska Event On June 30, 1908, seismic stations all across Europe registered an enormously powerful shock wave, which originated from a location near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The so-called Tunguska event ever since has challenged the fantasy of scientists, who related it to the impact of a meteor or comet fragment, or even have developed theories that speak of black holes, anti…
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John Gorrie and the Wonders of Air Condition

John Gorrie and the Wonders of Air Condition

John Gorrie (1803-1855), Courtesy State Library and Archives of Florida, Florida Photographic Collection, RC12666. On June 29, 1855, American physician, scientist, inventor, and humanitarian John Gorrie passed away. He is considered the father of refrigeration and air conditioning. Today, refrigeration as well as air condition has become a commodity. But, the importance of refrigeration to modern civilization as a means for conservation of food cannot be overestimated. Actually, even already in prehistoric…
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Georges Lemaître and the Big Bang Theory

Georges Lemaître and the Big Bang Theory

Georges Lemaître (1894-1966) On June 20, 1966, Belgian priest, astronomer and professor of physics Georges Lemaître passed away. He was the first person to propose the theory of the expansion of the Universe, widely misattributed to Edwin Hubble, and is best known for his proposal of what became known as the Big Bang theory of the origin of the Universe. Maybe, if you are interested in astronomy, you might have heard about famous…
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James Clerk Maxwell and the Electromagnetic Fields

James Clerk Maxwell and the Electromagnetic Fields

James Clerk Maxwell(1831 – 1879) On June 13, 1831, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell was born. His most prominent achievement was formulating a set of equations that united previously unrelated observations, experiments, and equations of electricity, magnetism, and optics into a consistent theory. According to his theory he has demonstrated that electricity, magnetism and light are all manifestations of the same phenomenon, namely the electromagnetic field. This has been called the “second…
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CERN and its Brilliant Minds

CERN and its Brilliant Minds

The CMS Detector at the LHCImage:  Muriel On June 10, 1955, the laying of the foundation stone of the European Organization for Nuclear Research Laboratory (CERN) was performed by Felix Bloch, the organization’s first President. Since 1955, numerous essential experiments were executed, leading to significant contributions in the world of physics and to our daily lives. The name CERN is originally derived from the French acronym ‘Conceil Europeén pour la Recherche Nucléaire’.…
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Theodore Maiman and the Laser

Theodore Maiman and the Laser

On May 16, 1960, American physicist Theodore Maiman presents the world’s first operating laser at Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California. Today, lasers are present everywhere, ranging from common consumer devices such as DVD players, laser printers, and barcode scanners to professional laser devices for surgery and various other skin treatments, or in industry for cutting and welding materials. Actually, it was Albert Einstein, who has laid the theoretical foundations for the laser in his…
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