medical science

The Avery-McLeod-McCarthy Experiment

The Avery-McLeod-McCarthy Experiment

Griffith’s experiment discovering a “transforming principle” in heat-killed virulent smooth pneumococcus is that it enables the transformation of rough non-virulent pneumococcus On February 1, 1944, physician and medical researcher Oswald Avery together with his colleagues Colin MacLeod and Maclyn McCarty announced that DNA is the hereditary agent in a virus that would transform a virus from a harmless to a pathogenic version. This study was a key work in modern…
Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) On December 27, 1822, French chemist Louis Pasteur was born, who is considered one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. Louis Pasteur was born into a poor family as the son of a tanner in France. In his school years the young patriot was an average student, favoring drawing…
Christiaan Barnard and the First Heart Transplant

Christiaan Barnard and the First Heart Transplant

The restored scene from Dr Barnard’s first human heart transplantation On December 3, 1967 at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town South Africa, Christiaan Barnard performed the world‘s first adult heart transplant on Louis Washkansky. Although Norman Shumway is widely regarded as the father of heart transplantation, it was the young South African Christiaan Barnard utilizing the techniques developed and perfected by Norman Shumway and Richard Lower, who performed…
Paracelsus – a Typical Renaissance Scientist

Paracelsus – a Typical Renaissance Scientist

Paracelsus (1493-1541) On November 11, 1493, Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, aka Paracelsus, the famous Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist was born. Theophrastus Phillippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim was born in Switzerland in times of upheaval. Columbus had just arrived the New World with the Santa Maria, Nikolaus Copernicus was (a few years later) about to cause a an uproar with his heliocentric theory and Martin Luther was to…
Alexander Fleming and the Penicillin

Alexander Fleming and the Penicillin

Alexander Fleming (1888-1951)on a stamp from Faroe Islands On September 3, 1928, scottish pharmacologist Alexander Fleming by chance and because of his notorious untidyness discovered Penicillin. In 1927, Alexander Fleming was investigating the properties of staphylococci, a family of bacteria, most of them being harmless and residing on the human skin. Fleming was already well-known from his earlier work, and had developed a reputation as a brilliant researcher, but his…
The Legend of Elizabeth Báthory, the Blood Countess

The Legend of Elizabeth Báthory, the Blood Countess

Countess Elizabeth Bathory, the Blood Countess (1560-1614) How far would you go to maintain your youth and your beauty? While today most people have become a victim of the cosmetic industry and (fortunately) only a few really dare to undergo cosmetic surgery, eternal youth and beauty is not only a subject of today’s affluent society. No, it’s a prominent topic throughout history dating also back into mythology, such as the…
Freudian Slips and other Trifles

Freudian Slips and other Trifles

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) On May 6, 1856, Sigmund Freud was born, founder of modern Psychology and Psychoanalysis. As the father of Psychoanalysis, which dealt greater with subconscious motives to behavior, Sigmund Freud alone sculpted what modern psychology would become. His renowned ideas, which have focused on the Id, Ego, and Super-Ego of the mind are still studied to this very day and are employed in the offices of psychologists in…
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