literature

Lope de Vega and the Spanish Golden Age of Literature

Lope de Vega and the Spanish Golden Age of Literature

Lope de Vega (1562-1635) On November 25, 1562, Spanish poet Lope de Vega, or with full name Félix Lope de Vega Carpio, one of the key figures in the Spanish ‘Siglo de Oro’, the Golden Century Baroque literature, was born. His reputation in the world of Spanish literature is second only to that of Miguel de Cervantes, while the sheer volume of his literary output is unequalled, making him one of the…
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Voltaire – Libertarian and Philosopher

Voltaire – Libertarian and Philosopher

Voltaire (1694 – 1778) On November 21, 1694, François-Marie Arouet was born, known by his nom de plume Voltaire, French philosopher during the Age of Enlightenment, re-known by his wits, prolific writer of novels, poems, essays, and letters, and dear friend of Prussian king Frederick the Great. Voltaire was born in Paris to a son of a lawyer and began studying first Latin and Greek and later on Italian and Spanish. The…
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Oscar Wilde – One of the Most Iconic Figures of Victorian Society

Oscar Wilde – One of the Most Iconic Figures of Victorian Society

Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900) On October 16, 1854, the famous Irish poet and writer Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde aka Oscar Wilde was born. He is considered to be one of the most iconic figures from late Victorian society. Enjoying a meteoric rise to the top of society, his wit, humour and intelligence shines through his plays and writings. However, because of his sexual orientation for a long time his name…
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Winnie Pooh – The Cute Bear With Severe Mental Disorders

Winnie Pooh – The Cute Bear With Severe Mental Disorders

Winnie the Pooh© Walt Disney On October 14, 1926, the children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh was first published by the autor A. A. Milne. The book was followed by several stories of the cute yellow bear and his friends and quickly became famous. Disney adopted Winnie Pooh in 1961 and the show is still running on television today, making thousands of children as happy as 86 years ago. The English author A. A. Milne…
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The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe

The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Alan Poe’s ‘The Tell Tale Heart’, photo: @Lysander07 On October 7th, 1849, the great American author and poet, Edgar Allan Poe, best known for his stories of the mysterious and macabre, died under mysterious circumstances. With his short stories and poems, Edgar Allan Poe succeeded to capture the imagination and interest of readers around the world until the present day. With his creative and imaginative he even started completely new literary genres,…
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We Are the Hollow Men – T.S. Eliot

We Are the Hollow Men – T.S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot (1888-1965)drawing by Simon Fieldhouse On September 26, 1888, the publisher, playwright, literary and social critic and “arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century”, Thomas Stearns Eliot, aka T. S. Eliot, was born, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. Although he was born an American, he moved to the United Kingdom in 1914 (at age 25) and was naturalised as a British subject…
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Goethe’s Wanderers Nachtlied

Goethe’s Wanderers Nachtlied

Wanderers Nachtlied written on a wooden wall of the famous Goethe house on top of the Kickelhahn On September 6, 1780, the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote with a pencil on the wall of a wooden cabin on the Kickelhahn mountain in Ilmenau, Thuringia the poem ‘Wanderers Nachtlied‘.  Über allen Gipfeln Ist Ruh,  In allen Wipfeln Spürest du  Kaum einen Hauch;  Die Vögelein schweigen im Walde. Warte nur, balde Ruhest du auch. This poem called ‘Über…
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Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the Mother of the Monster

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, the Mother of the Monster

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) Only a few 19th century literary works have become an icon in today’s popular culture. Among them are the detective story and its most prominent protagonist Sherlock Holmes as well as some of the gothic horror novels, primarely Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Born on August 30, 1797, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley was the second child of the feminist philosopher, educator, and writer Mary Wollstonecraft, and the…
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The Life and Works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The Life and Works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)Portrait by Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, 1787 On August 28, 1749 the great German author, philosopher, natural scientist, and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born in Frankfurt am Main. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of five children, son of Catharina Elisabeth and Johann Caspar. He was educated by his father, who owned numerous art collections and more than 2000 books. To satisfy him, Goethe began studying…
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Jorge Luis Borges and the Library of Babel

Jorge Luis Borges and the Library of Babel

On August 24, 1899, the famous Argentine writer and blind librarian Jorge Luis Borges, who is considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century, was born in Buenos Aires. He is considered to be one of the most important figure in Spanish-language literature since Cervantes. Most famous in the English speaking world for his short stories and fictive essays, Borges was also a poet, critic, translator and man of letters.…
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