explorer

Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama (1469 – 1524) On December 24, 1524, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, passed away. He was one of the most successful explorers in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. Vasco da Gama was born into a family of noblemen, his father belonged to the Order of Santiago and was occupied with…
Marco Polo – The Great Traveler and Merchant

Marco Polo – The Great Traveler and Merchant

Marco Polo Mosaic On September 15, 1254, the Venetian merchant traveler Marco Polo was born. He is best known for his journeys to Central Asia and China, narrated in the book ‘The Travels of Marco Polo‘. Marco Polo directly followed his father’s footsteps, who was a well known traveling merchant himself. The journey of Marco’s father Niccolò and his brother Maffeo took many years, but it was worth it,  they…
On the Road with Alexander von Humboldt

On the Road with Alexander von Humboldt

On August 3, 1804 geographer, naturalist, and explorer Alexander von Humboldt returned home from his great South America scientific discovery journey. Actually, Humboldt did not make this journey all alone. He had a companion, Aimé Bonpland. But today, almost nobody will remember Bonpland. Being an explorer as well as a botanist, Bonpland worked together with Humboldt during five years of travel in Mexico, Colombia and the districts bordering on the Orinoco…
James Cook and the Great Barrier Reef

James Cook and the Great Barrier Reef

Replica of the HMS Endeavour sailed by Cook On June 11, 1770, sailor and explorer James Cook discovered the Great Barrier Reef while running aground and risking his ship, the HMS Endeavour, to sink. In 1745, James Cook moved away from his English hometown and began his apprenticeship as a grocer, but shortly after proved himself as incompetent for this kind of work. However, he started his increasing interest in…
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