biology

Charles Darwin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’

Charles Darwin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’

Huxley’s illustration showing that humans and apes had the same basic skeletal structure On November 24, 1859, famous biologist and founder of the science of evolution Charles Darwin published his seminal treaty ‘On the Origin of Species‘, which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Charles Darwin began his studies on natural history in the 1820’s, where he first heard of the transmutation of species by Robert Grant.…
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) On October 24, 1632, the Dutch tradesman and scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, the inventor of the microscope, was born. He is commonly known as “the Father of Microbiology”, and considered to be the first microbiologist. That Van Leeuwenhoek made some of the most significant discoveries in the history of biology is rather surprising. Born in 1632, the son of a basket maker was not so fortunate…
Alfred Kinsey and his Scientific Interest in Sex

Alfred Kinsey and his Scientific Interest in Sex

Alfred Charles Kinsey at an interview photo: Bill Dellenbeck, ©Kinsey Institute On September 14, 1953, Dr. Alfred Charles Kinsey published the second of his controversially discussed and provoking reports entitled ‘Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female‘. Kinsey’s work has profoundly influenced social and cultural values in the United States and many other countries. Alfred Charles Kinsey grew up in a strictly religious Christian family and even though he did not share his parent’s enthusiasm,…
Ernst Haeckel and the Phyletic Museum

Ernst Haeckel and the Phyletic Museum

On July 30, 1908, the ‘Phyletic Museum‘ was gifted to the University of Jena due to its 350th anniversary by Ernst Haeckel. The famous zoologist was best known for his approaches in evolution theory. The ‘Phyletic Museum’ is a unique institution, illustrating not only natural sciences, but also the entire development of life focusing on phylogeny and the theory of evolution. Also the junction of art and nature is an…
How a Cobbler became the ‘Princeps Botanicorum’ – Carl Linnaeus

How a Cobbler became the ‘Princeps Botanicorum’ – Carl Linnaeus

Taxonomy as a science has been founded by the 18th century Swedish botanist Carl Linné (later enobled Carl von Linné or more fashionable in Latin Carolus Linnaeus). He was born 305 years ago in 1707 and after some difficulties right at the start – he was a rather sluggish student and his dissapointed father saw no other option than to apprentice him to a cobbler…Linné soon realized that academia might not…
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