archeology

Heinrich Schliemann and his Dream of Troy

Heinrich Schliemann and his Dream of Troy

Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) On December 26, 1890, Heinrich Schliemann, German businessman and amateur archaeologist, and livelong advocate of the historical reality of places mentioned in the works of ancient Greek poet Homer passed away. His dreams came true when he succeeded in excavating Hissarlik, now presumed to be the site of Troy, along with the Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiryns. Without Schliemann, the world of ancient Greek history and the…
The Discovery of Nefertiti

The Discovery of Nefertiti

Picture of the Nefertiti bust in Neues Museum, Berlin. On December 6, 1912, German archeologist Ludwig Borchardt and his team discovered the famous bust of Nefertiti at excavations in Thutmose’s workshop in Amarna, Egypt. Ever since, the iconic bust of Nefertiti has become one of the most famous relics of the ancient world, and an icon of feminine beauty. The name Nefertiti means nothing less than ‘the beauty has come’.…
The Archeological Discovery of the Century – Tutankhamun’s Tomb

The Archeological Discovery of the Century – Tutankhamun’s Tomb

Tutankhamun’s famous burial mask © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen On November 26, 1922, Archeologist Howard Carter together with the 5th Earl of Carnarvon, opened the unharmed tomb of pharao Tutankhamun, one of the most important archeological discoveries of the 20th century. King Tut, as the Egyptian pharaoh of the ‘New Kingdom’ was called in popular culture, ruled between 1332 BC and 1323 BC. When the prince, back then called Tutankhaten became…
The Lost Inca City of Machu Picchu

The Lost Inca City of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu While he was looking for a city called Vilcamba, Hiram Bingham discovered one of the most mysterious towns of all times today 101 years ago. The lost city of Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century by the Inca near Cusco and was declared as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. The city of Machu Picchu was built 7,000 feet above sea level in between the…
Cracking the Code – Champollion and the Rosetta Stone

Cracking the Code – Champollion and the Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone in the British Museum. © Hans Hillewaert / CC-BY-SA-3.0 On July 15, 1799 in the Egyptian village of Rosetta  Pierre-François Bouchard, Captain of the French expedition army on Napoleon‘s Egyptian Campaign discovered an unimpressive black stone with some written inscriptions on it. But this black stone, later referred to as the Rosetta Stone, should become the central key to deciphering the long lost secret of the Egyptian hieroglyphics.…
Pompeii – Conquered, Buried, Rediscovered

Pompeii – Conquered, Buried, Rediscovered

Pompeii was founded by the Oscans in the 7th century BC and was conquered in the 5th century BC by the Samnites. Besieged by Sulla in 89 BC Pompeii was forced to surrender and became a Roman colony named ‘Colonia Veneria Cornelia Pompeianorum’. Because of its location, the town gained an important role in Roman trade relations, developed a modern infrastructure as well as many cultural institutions. Pompeii suffered its…
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