On December 28, 1818, German chemist Carl Remigius Fresenius was born. Fresenius is known for his studies in analytical chemistry. He devised a method for systematic identification and separation of individual metal and non-metal ions, selecting the most suitable reactions from the many that were known.
Carl Remigius Fresenius was first occupied at a pharmacy. In 1840, he entered Bonn University. One year later Fresenius moved to Gießen where he acted as assistant in Justus von Liebig’s laboratory. In 1843, Fresenius became assistant professor. Two years later, Fresenius was appointed the chair of chemistry, physics and technology at the Wiesbaden Agricultural Institution. He became the first director of the chemical laboratory which he induced the Nassau government to establish at that place. The laboratory increased in size and reputation and during the 1860s, a school of pharmacy as well as an agricultural research laboratory were added.
However, Carl Fresenius became most notable for his research in the field of analytical chemistry. He authored multiple textbooks that were known for their accuracy and became standard works in the field. In 1862 he founded the journal Zeitschrift für Analytische Chemie and edited it until his death. The journal produced 371 volumes and all but one of them were edited or co-edited by a member of the Fresenius family. From 1862 to 2001, the Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry as it was known came to an end when it became Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, which is still running as of 2014.
References and Further Reading:
- Carl Fresenius at Carl Remugius Medical School (in German)
- Carl Fresenius at Britannica Online
- Carl Fresenius at Wikidata