Author Archives

Tabea Tietz

Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) On December 27, 1822, French chemistLouis Pasteurwas born, who is considered one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. Louis Pasteur was born into a poor family as the son of a tanner in France. In his school years the young patriot was an average student, favoring drawing and painting…
Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama (1469 – 1524) On December 24, 1524, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, passed away. He was one of the most successful explorers in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. Vasco da Gama was born into a family of noblemen, his father belonged to the Order of Santiago and was occupied with…
Leopold von Ranke and the Science of History

Leopold von Ranke and the Science of History

Leopold von Ranke (1795 – 1886) On December 21, 1795, German historian Leopold von Ranke, one of the founding fathers of modern history science was born. As the son of an attorney, Leopold von Ranke was paved the way for a decent education. He attended the famous Pforta private school, the University of Leipzig and later on was occupied as a teacher in Greek, and Roman classics in Frankfurt Oder.…
Konrad Zuse – The Inventor of the Computer

Konrad Zuse – The Inventor of the Computer

Konrad Zuse (1910 – 1995) On December 18, 1995, German engineer and computer pioneer Konrad Zuse passed away. He is renowned to have constructed the very first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3, which became operational in May 1941. Konrad Zuse developed the ability to build various kinds of machines in his early high school years, and he began his engineering-career at Berlin’s Technical University, where he earned his degree…
Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

On December 11, 1972, Apollo 17 with Commander Eugene A. Cernan, Command Module Pilot Ronald E. Evans, and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison H. Schmitt landed in the Taurus-Littrow valley on the lunar surface and were (so far) the last men to set foot on the Moon. Apollo 17 was the eleventh and final mission of the United States‘ Apollo program, the sixth mission to land humans on the Moon. While earlier…
Melvil Dewey and the Dewey Decimal System

Melvil Dewey and the Dewey Decimal System

Melvil Dewey (r) along with Mrs. Dewey and R. R. Broker On December 10, 1851, Melvil Dewey, librarian and inventor of the Dewey Decimal classification system for libraries, the DDC, was born. Melville Louis Dewey was born into a rather poor family in the upper New York state. After a school-fire, he was told to live only for one more year and became obsessed with efficiency, wherefore he gained his…
Man is Man’s Wolf – Thomas Hobbes and his Leviathan

Man is Man’s Wolf – Thomas Hobbes and his Leviathan

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Portrait by John Michael Wright On December 4, 1679, Thomas Hobbes passed away. The philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment and the political theorist of the Absolutism is probably best known for his 1651 book Leviathan that established the foundation for most of Western political philosophy from the perspective of social contract theory. Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire, England in politically difficult times, because of the invasion of…
Christiaan Barnard and the First Heart Transplant

Christiaan Barnard and the First Heart Transplant

The restored scene from Dr Barnard’s first human heart transplantation On December 3, 1967 at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town South Africa, Christiaan Barnard performed the world‘s first adult heart transplant on Louis Washkansky. Although Norman Shumway is widely regarded as the father of heart transplantation, it was the young South African Christiaan Barnard utilizing the techniques developed and perfected by Norman Shumway and Richard Lower, who performed…
The First Self-Sustained Nuclear Chain Reaction

The First Self-Sustained Nuclear Chain Reaction

Time: 3:22 p.m, December 2, 1942. Place: Racquets Court under West Stands of Stagg Field, University of Chicago. Depiction of scientist(s) observed the world’s first nuclear reactor (CP-1) as it became self-sustaining, National Archives Identifier 542144 On December 2, 1942, during the Manhattan Project, a team led by Italian born physicist Enrico Fermi initiated the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in the Chicago Pile-1 (CP-1), the world’s first human-made nuclear…
Mark Twain – Keen Observer and Sharp-tongued Critic

Mark Twain – Keen Observer and Sharp-tongued Critic

Mark Twain (1835-1910),by A. F. Bradley in New York, 1907 On November 30, 1835, famous American author Samuel Longhorn Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was born in the tiny village of Florida, Missouri. He is most noted for his humorous novels about the mischievous boys Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn and their adventures on the mighty Mississippi River. His father John Clemens worked as a storekeeper, lawyer,…
Relation Browser
Timeline
0 Recommended Articles:
0 Recommended Articles: