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Tabea Tietz

Karl Benz and his Automobile Vehicle

Karl Benz and his Automobile Vehicle

Carl Benz (1844 – 1929) On January 29, 1886, German engineer and entrepreneur Karl Benz patented the first successful gasoline-driven automobile. Karl Friedrich Benz was born as Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant into a family of a locomotive driver and a maid – the couple married a few month after Carl’s birth – and after his father passed away two years later, his mother had to work hard to finance Karl’s…
Lewis Carroll – Mathematician and Creator of the Wonderland

Lewis Carroll – Mathematician and Creator of the Wonderland

On January 27, 1832, British mathematician, photographer, and children’s book author Lewis Carroll, creator of the stories about ‘Alice in Wonderland’, was born. The English all round talented Carroll was first home schooled and confronted with challenging works like ‘The Pilgrim´s Progress‘ – a Christian allegory written by John Bunyan, regarded as one of the most significant works of religious English literature – from early years on. When being transferred…
Henry IV and his Walk to Canossa

Henry IV and his Walk to Canossa

Henry at the gate of Canossa, by August von Heyden On January 25, 1077, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV arrived at the gates of the fortress at Canossa in Emilia Romagna beyond the Alpes to declare atonement and to pledge for forgiveness from Pope Gregory VII, who had excommunicated Henry earlier from church. Henry’s act of penance became known as the “Walk to Canossa” (German: Gang nach Canossa). It took…
The Macintosh 128K making history with George Orwell

The Macintosh 128K making history with George Orwell

The Macintosh 128K On January 24, 1984, Steve Jobs presented the the very first Macintosh, which became the first commercially successful personal computer with a mouse and a graphical user interface to the public. Although the 128K was not Apple Inc,’s first computer on the market, it depicted a milestone. The Apple I was released in 1976, it was sold as a motherboard and would not fulfill today’s requirements for…
Ernst Abbe – Brilliant Engineer and Courageous Social Reformer

Ernst Abbe – Brilliant Engineer and Courageous Social Reformer

Ernst Abbe(1840 – 1905) On January 23, 1840, German physicist, optometrist, entrepreneur, and social reformer Ernst Abbe was born. Together with Otto Schott and Carl Zeiss, he laid the foundation of modern optics. As a co-owner of Carl Zeiss AG, a German manufacturer of research microscopes, astronomical telescopes, planetariums and other optical systems, Abbe developed numerous optical instruments. Abbe was born in Eisenach in 1840 and was lucky to be…
André-Marie Ampère and Electromagnetism

André-Marie Ampère and Electromagnetism

AndréMarie Ampére(1775 – 1836) On January 20, 1775, French physicist and mathematician André-Marie Ampère was born, after whom the SI unit of measurement of electric current, the ampere, is named. He is generally considered as one of the main founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as “electrodynamics”. André-Maria Ampère was born into a well educated family and influenced by the theories of Jean-Jacques Rousseau early.…
Paul Cézanne – Breaking all the Rules

Paul Cézanne – Breaking all the Rules

Paul Cézanne(1839 – 1906) On January 19, 1839, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cézanne was born. He laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Thus, Cézanne can be said to bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century’s Cubism. Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence and attended the…
Montesquieu and the Separation of Powers

Montesquieu and the Separation of Powers

Montesquieu(1689 – 1755) On January 18, 1698, French philosopher and political thinker Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, generally only referred to as Montesquieu, was born. He is best known for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. Even though, Montesquieu’s real date of birth is…
Henri Matisse in the Rush of Colors

Henri Matisse in the Rush of Colors

Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954) On December 31, 1869, Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse, French draughtsman, sculptor and writer artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship, was born. Henri Matisse grew up in a wealthy merchant family in France and began his law studies in Paris in 1887. He started gaining his interest in painting rather late at age 18 and made the decision to become a…
The Lumière Brothers invented the Cinema

The Lumière Brothers invented the Cinema

On December 28, 1895, the Lumière Brothers performed 10 movies for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines, marking the debut of the cinema. The Lumière brothers attended a famous technical school in Lyon and their father owned a photography business both sons were employed in, which were in the 19th century probably the best conditions for a major success in the film business. Louis…
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