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Tabea Tietz

James Watt and the Steam Age Revolution

James Watt and the Steam Age Revolution

James Watt (1736 – 1819) Painting by Carl Frederik von Breda On January 5, 1769, James Watt finally received the patent for his steam engine: patent 913 A method of lessening the consumption of steam in steam engines-the separate condenser. Before James Watt was able to revolutionize Europe’s industries, folks had to find different ways to generate power. While the Romans during the first century BC used undershot water wheels,…
Isaac Asimov and the Three Laws of Robotics

Isaac Asimov and the Three Laws of Robotics

Isaac Asimov(1920 – 1992)© U.S Library of Congress On January 2, 1920, the Russian-born author and professor of biochemistry Isaac Asimov was born. He was best known for his science fiction works in which he coined the term ‘robotics’ and his popular science books. 1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the…
Henri Matisse in the Rush of Colors

Henri Matisse in the Rush of Colors

Henri Matisse(1869 – 1954) On December 31, 1869, Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse, French draughtsman, sculptor and writer artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship, was born. Henri Matisse grew up in a wealthy merchant family in France and began his law studies in Paris in 1887. He started gaining his interest in painting rather late at age 18 and made the decision to become a professional…
The Lumière Brothers invented the Cinema

The Lumière Brothers invented the Cinema

Auguste and Louis Lumiére On December 28, 1895, the Lumière Brothers performed 10 movies for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines, marking the debut of the cinema. The Lumière brothers attended a famous technical school in Lyon and their father owned a photography business both sons were employed in, which were in the 19th century probably the best conditions for a major success in…
Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur – the Father of Medical Microbiology

Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) On December 27, 1822, French chemist Louis Pasteur was born, who is considered one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. Louis Pasteur was born into a poor family as the son of a tanner in France. In his school years the young patriot was an average student, favoring drawing…
Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama and the Route to India

Vasco da Gama (1469 – 1524) On December 24, 1524, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, passed away. He was one of the most successful explorers in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. Vasco da Gama was born into a family of noblemen, his father belonged to the Order of Santiago and was occupied with…
Leopold von Ranke and the Science of History

Leopold von Ranke and the Science of History

Leopold von Ranke(1795 – 1886) On December 21, 1795, German historian Leopold von Ranke, one of the founding fathers of modern history science was born. As the son of an attorney, Leopold von Ranke was paved the way for a decent education. He attended the famous Pforta private school, the University of Leipzig and later on was occupied as a teacher in Greek, and Roman classics in Frankfurt Oder. It…
Konrad Zuse – The Inventor of the Computer

Konrad Zuse – The Inventor of the Computer

Konrad Zuse (1910 – 1995) On December 18, 1995, German engineer and computer pioneer Konrad Zuse passed away. He is renowned to have constructed the very first functional program-controlled Turing-complete computer, the Z3, which became operational in May 1941. Konrad Zuse developed the ability to build various kinds of machines in his early high school years, and he began his engineering-career at Berlin’s Technical University, where he earned his degree…
Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

Apollo 17 – The Last Men on the Moon…so far

Apollo 17 Crew On December 11, 1972, Apollo 17 with Commander Eugene A. Cernan, Command Module Pilot Ronald E. Evans, and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison H. Schmitt landed in the Taurus-Littrow valley on the lunar surface and were (so far) the last men to set foot on the Moon. Apollo 17 was the eleventh and final mission of the United States‘ Apollo program, the sixth mission to land humans on the…
Melvil Dewey and the Dewey Decimal System

Melvil Dewey and the Dewey Decimal System

Melvil Dewey (r) along with Mrs. Dewey and R. R. Broker On December 10, 1851, Melvil Dewey, librarian and inventor of the Dewey Decimal classification system for libraries, the DDC, was born. Melville Louis Dewey was born into a rather poor family in the upper New York state. After a school-fire, he was told to live only for one more year and became obsessed with efficiency, wherefore he gained his…
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