Monthly Archives: May 2015

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach and the Human Race

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach and the Human Race

On May 11, 1752, German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach was born. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. Frequently called the father of physical anthropology, Blumenbach proposed one of the earliest classifications of the races of mankind. He divided humanity into five races: Caucasian, Ethiopian, American, Mongolian, and Malay. Johann Friedrich Blumenbach was born in…
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin and the Composition of Stars

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin and the Composition of Stars

On May 10, 1900, British–American astronomer and astrophysicist Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin was born. She was the first to apply laws of atomic physics to the study of the temperature and density of stellar bodies, and the first to conclude that hydrogen and helium are the two most common elements in the universe. It was another 20 years before Payne’s original claim was confirmed, by Fred Hoyle. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin earned a…
James Pollard Espy – the Storm King

James Pollard Espy – the Storm King

On May 9, 1785, U.S. Meteorologist James Pollard Espy was born. Espy developed a convection theory of storms and developed the use of the telegraph in assembling weather observation data by which he studied the progress of storms and laid the basis for scientific weather forecasting. The youngest of ten children, James Espy was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, USA. He had an ardent desire for knowledge and commenced teaching…
David Attenborough and Life on Planet Earth

David Attenborough and Life on Planet Earth

On May 8, 1926, English broadcaster and naturalist Sir David Frederick Attenborough was born. He is best known for writing and presenting the nine Life series, in conjunction with the BBC Natural History Unit, which collectively form a comprehensive survey of all life on the planet. David Attenborough grew up in College House on the campus of the University College, Leicester, as his father was the principal. During his childhood,…
Oskar von Miller and the Deutsches Museum

Oskar von Miller and the Deutsches Museum

On May 7, 1855, German engineer Oskar von Miller was born. He is best remembered for being the founder of the Deutsches Museum, a large museum of technology and science. The Deutsches Museum is the world’s largest museum of science and technology, with approximately 1.5 million visitors per year and about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. A long time ago, I have studied in Munich.…
refer at re:publica 2015

refer at re:publica 2015

Today, we have no daily post on the history of science and technology for you, because we are attending re:publica 2015. re:publica is an annual blogger conference in Berlin  where we proudly presented our latest project refer. With refer, bloggers can automatically scan and annotate their content, enrich them with additional information, and visualize them to improve the user’s experience while navigating the blog. From now on, bloggers can download…
John William Draper – Chemist and Photo Pioneer

John William Draper – Chemist and Photo Pioneer

  On May 5, 1811, American philosopher, physician, chemist, historian and photographer John William Draper was born. He is credited with producing the first clear photograph of a female face (1839–40) and the first detailed photograph of the Moon (1840). He was also the first president of the American Chemical Society (1876–77) and a founder of the New York University School of Medicine. John William Draper was born May 5,…
The Foundation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Foundation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

  On May 4, 1927, the official Articles of Incorporation for the organization were filed Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences were filed, a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures with 36 founding members. The Academy is known around the world for its annual Academy Awards, now officially known as The Oscars. One day in 1927, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) head Louis B.…
Vito Volterra and Functional Analysis

Vito Volterra and Functional Analysis

On May 3, 1860, Italian mathematician and physicist Vito Volterra was born. He is known for his contributions to mathematical biology and integral equations. Moreover, he is considered as one of the founders of functional analysis. Vito Volterra was born in Ancona, then part of the Papal States, as son of Abramo Volterra, a cloth merchant, into a very poor Jewish family. Actually, Volterra was born at exactly the time…
Heinrich Gustav Magnus and the Magnus Effect

Heinrich Gustav Magnus and the Magnus Effect

On May 2, 1802, German physicist Heinrich Gustav Magnus was born. He is best known for the Magnus effect (the lift force produced by a rotating cylinder, which for example, gives the curve to a curve ball). In chemical research, he discovered the first of the platino-ammonium compounds compounds. Heinrich Gustav Magnus was born in Berlin and received a very decent education in math and natural science. He enrolled at…
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