Monthly Archives: March 2014

Albert Schweitzer and his Hospital in Africa

Albert Schweitzer and his Hospital in Africa

Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) On March 21, 1913, theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa Albert Schweitzer together with his wife Helene start their voyage to Africa, to establish a hospital in Equatorial Africa. Albert Schweitzer was born on January 14, 1875, as the second child of a Lutheran-Evangelical priest’s family in Kaysersberg. Some months after his birth the family moved to Guensbach, Alsace, where Albert’s father worked as…
Friedrich Hölderlin and the German Romanticism

Friedrich Hölderlin and the German Romanticism

Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843) On March 20, 1770, major German lyric poet of Romanticism, Friedrich Hölderlin was born. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. The poetry of Hölderlin, widely recognized today as one of the highest points of German literature, was little known or…
Percival Lowell and the Search for Pluto

Percival Lowell and the Search for Pluto

Sir Percival Lowell (1855-1916) On March 19, 1915, American astronomer Percival Lowell began to make photographies of the sky in the Lowell Observatory, which was founded by him, to search for a planet beyond Neptun. 15 years later, the dwarf planet Pluto was discovered on these photographies. Percival Lowell was born in Cambridge on March 13, 1855, in a wealthy Boston, Massachusetts, family. He graduated from the Noble and Greenough…
Jakob Steiner and Analytical Geometry

Jakob Steiner and Analytical Geometry

Jacob Steiner(1796 – 1863) On March 18, 1796, Swiss mathematician Jakob Steiner was born. Steiner’s work was mainly confined to geometry. Moreover, he has been considered the greatest pure geometer since Apollonius of Perga. Steiner became acquainted with several influential scientists, who supported his career like A. L. Crelle or N. H. Abel. In 1832, he published his Systematische Entwickelungen and earned himself a great reputation. Through the influence of…
Marcus Aurelius – the Philosopher on the Emperor’s Throne

Marcus Aurelius – the Philosopher on the Emperor’s Throne

The Statue of Marcus Aurelius in the Musei Capitolini in Rome On March 17, 180 AD, Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius passed away. He is often referred to as the philosopher on the emperor’s throne and considered on of the most important Stoic philosophers. The young Marcus was probably taught at home, and was highly influenced by the painter Diognetus, who was supposed have introduced Marcus to philosophy. Diognetus even achieved…
Around the World with Steam Power – The HMS Driver

Around the World with Steam Power – The HMS Driver

HMS Driver On March 16, 1842, the HMS Driver started the first voyage around the Earth for a steamship. HMS Driver was a Driver-class wooden paddle sloop of the Royal Navy of 1.058 tons with machines perfoming about 280 horsepower. It was equipped with four big guns, two of them weighing 68 punds ans the others about 34. However, there are resources stating that the ship was equipped with two…
Aspasia of Miletus – Greek Philosopher

Aspasia of Miletus – Greek Philosopher

Marble herm in the Vatican Museums inscribed with Aspasia’s name at the base Aspasia was a female Greek philosopher of the 5th century BC. Little is known about her life, but she appears in the writings of Plato, Aristophanes, of Miletus Xenophon and other greek philosophers. It is said that Aspasia’s teaching should have influenced Socrates, the most important of all Greek philosophers. Aspasia was born in the Greek city…
Giovanni Schiaparelli and the Martian Canals

Giovanni Schiaparelli and the Martian Canals

Mars surface map of Schiaparelli On March 14, 1835, Italian astronomer and science historian Giovanni Schiaparelli was born. He is remembered best for his observations of planet Mars, where he discovered a dense network of linear structures on the surface of Mars which he called “canali” in Italian, meaning “channels” but the term was mistranslated into English as “canals” indicating that the observed structures should be of artificial origin. Schiaparelli…
Sir William Herschel and the Discovery of Uranus

Sir William Herschel and the Discovery of Uranus

Frederick William Herschel(1738 – 1822) On March 13, 1781, Sir William Herschel for the first time observed planet Uranus while in the garden of his house at 19 New King Street in the town of Bath, Somerset, England (now the Herschel Museum of Astronomy), but initially reported it (on April 26, 1781) as a “comet”. William Herschel grew up in the Electorate of Hanover, which was part of the Holy…
Gustav Kirchhoff and the Fundamentals of Electrical Circuits

Gustav Kirchhoff and the Fundamentals of Electrical Circuits

Kirchhoff (left), Bunsen (middle)Roscoe (right) On March 12, 1824, German physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was born. He is best known for his contribution to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects. Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was born to a lawyer in Königsberg, East Prussia, where he also enrolled ath the Albertus University. He took classes of Franz Neumann and Friedrich Julius Richelot…
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