Monthly Archives: February 2014

Herman Hollerith and the Mechanical Tabulator

Herman Hollerith and the Mechanical Tabulator

Herman Hollerith (1860-1929) On February 29, 1860, American statistician and inventor Herman Hollerith was born. He is best known for his invention of the mechanical tabulator based on punchcards to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. He was the founder of the Tabulating Machine Company that later merged to become IBM. Hollerith is widely regarded as the father of modern automatic computation. Herman Hollerith was born the…
John Steinbeck and his View of the American Society

John Steinbeck and his View of the American Society

John Steinbeck(1902 – 1968) On February 27, 1902, American writer and Pulitzer Prize winner and Nobel Laureate John Steinbeck was born. His works comprise twenty-seven books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books, and five collections of short stories, among them ‘The Grapes of Wrath’, ‘East of Eden’, and ‘Of Mice and Men’. John Steinbeck grew up in California and also many of his later stories play in the area south…
Robert Alexander Watson-Watt and the Radar Technology

Robert Alexander Watson-Watt and the Radar Technology

Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt (1892-1973) On February 26, 1935, British engineer and Fellow of the Royal Society Robert Alexander Watson-Watt started with first experiments on detecting and locating aircrafts with radio technique, later called ‘RADAR‘. Radar was initially nameless and researched elsewhere but it was greatly expanded on 1 September 1936 when Watson-Watt became Superintendent of Bawdsey Research Station located in Bawdsey Manor, near Felixstowe, Suffolk. Work there resulted in…
The Assassination of Wallenstein

The Assassination of Wallenstein

The Assassination of Wallenstein On February 24, 1634, Bohemian military leader and politician Count Albrecht von Wallenstein was assassinated at Cheb in Bohemia. An imperial generalissimo of the Thirty Year’s War, and Admiral of the Baltic Sea, he had made himself ruler of the lands of the Duchy of Friedland in northern Bohemia. Wallenstein found himself released from imperial service in 1630 after Emperor Ferdinand grew wary of his ambition.…
Pico della Mirandola and the 900 Theses

Pico della Mirandola and the 900 Theses

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494) On February 24, 1463, Italian Renaissance philosopher Count Giovanni Pico della Mirandola was born. He is famous for, when at the age of 23, he proposed to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy and magic against all comers, for which he wrote the famous Oration on the Dignity of Man, which has been called the “Manifesto of the Renaissance“, and a key text…
The Sky Disc of Nebra

The Sky Disc of Nebra

The Sky Disk of NebraImage: Dbachmann On February 23, 2002, the state archaeologist Harald Meller succeeded to acquire the now famous Nebra Sky Disc in a police-led sting operation in Basel, Switzerland. The Nebra Sky Disc is a Bronze age artifact shaped like a disk with a blue-green patina and inlaid with gold symbols, representing a map of the sky. The disk weighs about 2,3kg and consists of bronze as…
The Affair of the Poisons

The Affair of the Poisons

Catherine Deshayes, “La Voisin”, On February 22, 1680, Catherine Deshayes Monvoisin, aka La Voisin, was sentenced to death for witchcraft and poisoning, and burned at the stake. This Affair of the Poisons (L’affaire des poisons) was a major murder scandal in France which took place in 1677–1682, during the reign of King Louis XIV. During it, a number of prominent members of the aristocracy were implicated and sentenced on charges…
Girard Desargues and Projective Geometry

Girard Desargues and Projective Geometry

Desargues (1591-1661) Mural Painting by Théobald Chartran at the Sorbonne Paris (c. 1885) On February 21, 1591, French mathematician and engineer Girard Desargues was born. Desargues is considered one of the founders of projective geometry. Desargues’ theorem, the Desargues graph, and the crater Desargues on the Moon are named in his honour. In his later years, he designed an elaborate spiral staircase, and an ingenious new form of pump, but…
Ludwig Boltzmann and Statistical Mechanics

Ludwig Boltzmann and Statistical Mechanics

On February 20, 1844, Austrian physicist and philosopher Ludwig Boltzmann was born. His greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms determine the physical properties of matter. Ludwig Boltzmann was born in Vienna as the son of a tax official. He was educated at home as well as in Linz before enrolling at the University of Vienna in 1863. Boltzmann…
The first Modular Space Station – Mir

The first Modular Space Station – Mir

Russian Space Station Mir, backdropped against Earth, taken from the Space Shuttle Atlantis On February 19, 1986, the main module of Russian space station Mir was launched from Baikonur, Russia. Mir was the first modular space station and operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001. In 1976, Mir was authorized in order to design an improved model of the Salyut space stations and in 1986, the second launch…
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