Yearly Archives: 2013

James Watt and the Steam Age Revolution

James Watt and the Steam Age Revolution

James Watt (1736 – 1819) Painting by Carl Frederik von Breda On January 5, 1769, James Watt finally received the patent for his steam engine: patent 913 A method of lessening the consumption of steam in steam engines-the separate condenser. Before James Watt was able to revolutionize Europe’s industries, folks had to find different ways to generate power. While the Romans during the first century BC used undershot water wheels,…
Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – Sir Isaac Newton

Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727), Portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller (1689) On January 4, 1643, Sir Isaac Newton, famous physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, was born. With his Principia he laid the foundation of modern classical mechanics.Besides he constructed the very first reflecting telescope and independent of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz developed differential and integral calculus. On January 4, 1643, (December 25, 1642 according to the old Iulian calendar)…
Foucault’s Pendulum

Foucault’s Pendulum

Foucault’s Pendulum at the Panthéon, Paris, © Javi Masa On January 3, 1851, French physicist Leon Foucault started to experiment with his eponymous pendulum, by which he was able to proof the earth’s rotation. Actually, how can you prove that the earth is a rotating orb in an easy-to-see experiment and – of course – without space flight? By today, Foucault’s simple device is part of numerous natural science museums around…
Isaac Asimov and the Three Laws of Robotics

Isaac Asimov and the Three Laws of Robotics

Isaac Asimov(1920 – 1992)© U.S Library of Congress On January 2, 1920, the Russian-born author and professor of biochemistry Isaac Asimov was born. He was best known for his science fiction works in which he coined the term ‘robotics’ and his popular science books. 1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the…
How the ARPANET became the Internet

How the ARPANET became the Internet

Visualization of the Routing Paths in the Internet On January 1, 1983, the ARPANET as predecessor of today’s internet is switched from NCP (Network Control Protocol) to the TCP/IP protocol, and thus became the internet. As you might know, some consider the origins of the Internet in the times of Cold War, when the Soviets shot their very first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 into orbit and to catch up the…
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