Yearly Archives: 2013

Robert Koch and Tuberculosis

Robert Koch and Tuberculosis

Robert Koch (1843-1910) On December 11, 1843, Robert Koch, the founder of modern bacteriology, was born. He is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease. As a result of his groundbreaking research on tuberculosis, Koch received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905. As a young boy, Robert Koch…
Hypatia – the first Woman in Mathematics

Hypatia – the first Woman in Mathematics

Hypatia of Alexandria The Neoplatonian philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria, Egypt, was the first well-documented woman in mathematics. Her actual date of birth is unknown, although considered somewhen between 350 and 370 AD. She was the head of the Platonist school at Alexandria and additionally taught philosophy and astronomy. Hypatia was taught in mathematics and astronomy by her father, who was well known for his studies at the Alexandrian School. It…
The Prophet of Modern Archeology – Joachim Winckelmann

The Prophet of Modern Archeology – Joachim Winckelmann

Johann Joachim Winckelmann against a classical landscape On December 9, 1717, German art historian and archaeologist Johann Joachim Winckelmann was born. Winckelmann was one of the founders of scientific archaeology and first applied the categories of style on a large, systematic basis to the history of art. Joachim Winckelmann grew up in a poor family, but was highly supported by his blind school teacher, who let the young boy live…
The Clifton Suspension Bridge

The Clifton Suspension Bridge

Clifton Suspension Bridge On December 8, 1864, the Clifton Suspension Bridge spanning the Avon Gorge and the River Avon, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was openend for the public. Although Brunel was not able to see the bridge in operation anymore during his lifetime, the Clifton Suspension bridge was the first major commision of the famous engineer of the Great Western Railroad and the then largest steamships in the world.…
John Boyd Dunlop and the Inflatable Tire

John Boyd Dunlop and the Inflatable Tire

John Boyd Dunlop (1840-1921) On Dezember 7, 1888, Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop patented the pneumatic or inflatable tire. His invention is considered one of the basic building blocks of the automobile manufacturing industry. Today, over 1 billion tires are produced annually in over 400 tire factories. John Boyd Dunlop was born in 1840 on a farm in Dreghorn, North Ayrshire, Scotland, what is now the eastern outskirts of the…
The Encyclopedia Britannica and the Spirit of Enlightenment

The Encyclopedia Britannica and the Spirit of Enlightenment

The Encyclopedia Britannica, 2nd edition, photo:wikipedia On December 6, 1768, the first volume of the first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in London as , ‘A Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, compiled upon a New Plan‘. The Britannica is the oldest English-language encyclopaedia still being produced today. The history of its 15 editions alone would be subject of an entire book. But although it might be the most…
The Myth of the Bermuda Triangle

The Myth of the Bermuda Triangle

Bermuda Triangle On December 5, 1945, the five torpedo bombers of US Navy Flight 19 disappeared on a routine navigation flight over the Bermuda Triangle. Navy investigators could not determine the cause of the loss of Flight 19 and thus, creating the myth of the Bermuda Triangle. Artist’s depiction of the five TBM Avengers that disappearedImage: Anynobody “Navigation Problem No. 1” was the last Advanced Combat Aircrew Training out of…
The Ambitions of Jane Franklin

The Ambitions of Jane Franklin

Lady Jane Franklin (1791-1875) On December 4, 1791, Lady Jane Franklin, Tasmanian pioneer, traveler and second wife of the explorer John Franklin, was born. She was the first woman to climb Mount Wellington and to travel overland from Melbourne to Sydney. Above all Lady Franklin is remembered for the search she organized from 1850 to 1857 for Sir John Franklin’s lost Arctic expedition. Jane Franklin was born as Jane Griffin,…
Merry Christmas or  How the SMS was born

Merry Christmas or How the SMS was born

Short Messaging Service (SMS) is the most popularnetwork application. On December 3, 1992, the world’s first SMS (Short Messaging Service) message was sent from Neil Papworth of Sema Group over the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom. The text of the very first SMS message was simply “Merry Christmas.” For more than 20 years now we are using this messaging service. Annoyed by the tiny keyboard and by the…
Gerardus Mercator – The Man who Mapped the Planet

Gerardus Mercator – The Man who Mapped the Planet

Mercator’s Map of Europe On December 2, 1594, German cartographer, philosopher and mathematician Gerardus Mercator passed away. He is best known for his work in cartography, particular the world map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. He was the first to use the term Atlas for a collection of maps. Gerardus Mercator (1512 – 1594) The son of a…
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