Monthly Archives: July 2013

The Medium is the Message – Marshal McLuhan

The Medium is the Message – Marshal McLuhan

Marshall McLuhan, holding a Mirror On July 21, 1911, Canadian philosopher of communication theory Herbert Marshal McLuhan was born. His groundbreaking work is considered to be the cornerstone of media and communication theory. McLuhan is known for coining the expressions the medium is the message and the global village, and for predicting the World Wide Web almost thirty years before it was invented. “In television, images are projected at you.…
Francesco Petrarca – Father of Renaissance

Francesco Petrarca – Father of Renaissance

Francesco Petrarca (1304 – 1374)Author: Frieda On July 20, 1304, Italian scholar and poet Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) was born. He is considered to be one of the earliest humanists and also the “father of the Renaissance.” Petrarch’s sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the “Dark Ages”.…
Rome is Burning

Rome is Burning

The Torches of Nero, painting by Henryk Siemiradzki (1876) On July 19, 64 AD, the Great Fire of Rome (Latin: Magnum Incendium Romae) occurred and continued burning until July 26 during the reign of emperor Nero. According to the Roman historian Tacitus three of the 14 city districts were completely burned down, in seven districts only debris and rubble was left from the former buildings, and only 4 districts were…
Robert Hooke and his Micrographia

Robert Hooke and his Micrographia

Robert HookeArtist Impression: Rita Greer On July 18, 1635 (according to the old Julian calendar), English natural philosopher, architect and polymath Robert Hooke was born. He is known for his discovery of the laws of elasticity, now known as Hooke’s law. Hooke did research in a remarkable variety of fields. He was one of the first men to build a Gregorian reflecting telescope and to suggest that Jupiter rotates on…
The Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System

A GPS satellite in orbit. On July 17, 1995, the Global Positioning System (GPS), the world’s first space-based satellite navigation system is declared operational. GPS provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. Navigation is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the…
Now I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds

Now I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds

The Trinity explosion, 16 ms after detonation, on July 16, 1945. On July 16, 1945, the first detonation of a nuclear device with the code name Tritiny takes place in the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico. Although nuclear chain reactions had been hypothesized already in 1933 and the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (Chicago Pile-1) had taken place in December 1942, the date of the Trinity test…
Vilfredo Pareto and the Law of the Vital Few

Vilfredo Pareto and the Law of the Vital Few

On July 15, 1848, Italian engineer, sociologist, economist, political scientist and philosopher Vilfredo Federico Damaso Pareto was born. He made several important contributions to economics, particularly in the study of income distribution and in the analysis of individuals’ choices. The Pareto principle was named after him and built on observations of his such as that 80% of the land in Italy was owned by 20% of the population. Vilfredo Pareto…
Emmeline Pankhurst and the Suffragette Movement

Emmeline Pankhurst and the Suffragette Movement

Emmeline Pankhurst is arrested by police outside Buckingham Palace,  in May 1914 On July 14, 1858, British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement Emmeline Pankhurst was born, who helped women win the right to vote. Emmeline Pankhurst was named one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century by the Time magazine. Born in Manchester as first of nine children, Emmeline Pankhurst was the daughter of…
John Dee and his World of Science and Magic

John Dee and his World of Science and Magic

John Dee (ca. 1527 – 1608) On July 13, 1527, Welsh mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occultist, navigator, imperialist and consultant to Queen Elizabeth I, John Dee was born. He is considered one of the most learned men of his age. Besides being an ardent promoter of mathematics and a respected astronomer, in his later years he immersed himself in the worlds of magic, astrology and Hermetic philosophy. One of his aims…
The Miraculous World of Buckminster Fuller

The Miraculous World of Buckminster Fuller

Buckminster Fuller (1895 – 1983) Image – Edgy01 On Juli 12, 1895, American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor, and futurist Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller was born. He is well known for numerous inventions, mainly architectural designs, including the widely known geodesic dome. Buckminster Fuller had essential problems with mathematics, especially geometry during his school time and preferred building small tools in the woods near his home. He later found that these…
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