Monthly Archives: June 2013

CERN and its Brilliant Minds

CERN and its Brilliant Minds

The CMS Detector at the LHCImage:  Muriel On June 10, 1955, the laying of the foundation stone of the European Organization for Nuclear Research Laboratory (CERN) was performed by Felix Bloch, the organization’s first President. Since 1955, numerous essential experiments were executed, leading to significant contributions in the world of physics and to our daily lives. The name CERN is originally derived from the French acronym ‘Conceil Europeén pour la…
At the Beginning was a Bet – Georg Friedrich Grotefend and the Cuneiform

At the Beginning was a Bet – Georg Friedrich Grotefend and the Cuneiform

Georg Friedrich Grotefend (1775-1853) On June 9, 1775, German epigraphist and philologist Georg Friedrich Grotefend was born. Although most of you will probably never heard of him, he is well known for his contributions toward the decipherment of cuneiform. Do you know cuneiform? It is the name of the old writing of Mesopotamia and its roots date back to the time of the origins of civilization, when also Egyptian hieroglyphs were…
Space Invaders!

Space Invaders!

Space Invaders Image:  Adlen In early June 1978 – we have not been able to determine the exact date – the famous arcade video game Space Invaders designed by Tomohiro Nishikado was released by the Japanese Taito Corporation. Space Invaders is one of the earliest shooting games and the aim is to defeat waves of attacking aliens with a laser cannon to earn as many points as possible. As the…
Paul Gauguin’s Way Back to Primitivism

Paul Gauguin’s Way Back to Primitivism

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Selfportrait, 1893 On June 7, 1848, French painter Paul Gauguin was born. He is considered a leading French Post-Impressionist artist who was not well appreciated until after his death. Then he was finally recognized for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style that were distinguishably different from Impressionism. Actually, Paul Gauguin has raised much controversy. Some consider him a syphilitic paedophile and others think of him…
Regiomontanus – Forerunner of Modern Astronomy

Regiomontanus – Forerunner of Modern Astronomy

Regiomontanus(1436 – 1476) On June 6, 1436, German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, translator, instrument maker and Catholic bishop Johannes Müller aus Königsberg was born, better known under the Latinized version of his name as Regiomontanus. His diligent and accurate observations, measurements and recordings paved the way for modern astronomers such as Tycho Brahe and Nikolaus Copernicus. Johanne Müller aus Königsberg grew up in a well situated family, and got in touch…
John Maynard Keynes and his General Theory of Employment

John Maynard Keynes and his General Theory of Employment

John Maynard Keynes(1883 – 1946) On June 5, 1883, British economist John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron of Keynes, was born. His work and his ideas have fundamentally affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, and informed the economic policies of governments. He is one of the founders of modern macroeconomics and is widely considered the most influential economist of the 20th century. John Maynard Keynes, born in England, was…
Giacomo Casanova’s Literary Legacy

Giacomo Casanova’s Literary Legacy

Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) On June 4, 1798, Italian adventurer and author Giacomo Girolamo Casanova passed away. Although being famous or almost notorious because of his frequent and elaborate love affairs, he also is considered to be a brilliant author. His autobiography ‘Histoire de ma vie‘ (The Story of my Life), is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the…
Hernan de Soto’s American Expedition

Hernan de Soto’s American Expedition

Hernando de Soto(1496/1497 – 1542) On June 3, 1539, Spanish conquistador and explorer Hernan de Soto, with all the dignitaries and necessary paraphernalia, took formal possession of La Florida, where he landed nine ships with more than 620 men and 220 horses. De Soto’s expedition was the first European expedition leading deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, searching for gold, silver and also a passage to China.…
Surveyor 1 Lands on the Moon

Surveyor 1 Lands on the Moon

Surveyor 1 – Lunar Landerphoto: ©NASA On June 2, 1966, spaceprobe Surveyor 1, the first of NASA’s unmanned Surveyor program, as the first American spaceprobe achieved a soft landing on the moon about half a year after the first Moon landing by the Soviet Union’s Luna 9 probe. Already on February 3, 1966, the Luna 9 spacecraft had softly landed on the Moon, which also was the first of any…
Carl Bechstein and his famous Pianos

Carl Bechstein and his famous Pianos

Carl Bechstein (1826 – 1900) On June 1, 1826, Carl Bechstein was born, who became widely known for his German piano manufacture. His pianos met the demands mostly of Romantic Era musicians such as Franz Liszt or Hans von Bülow at first, which made the company famous globally. At the age of 14, Carl Bechstein was apprenticed at a piano manufacturer in Erfurt and continued this career in Dresden. In…
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