Monthly Archives: February 2013

Sophie Scholl and the White Rose

Sophie Scholl and the White Rose

Sophie Scholl (1921-1943) On February 18, 1943, Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans brought a suitcase full of leaflets to the University of Munich, calling for passive resistance against the Nazis, and were arrested. Four days later, Sophie Scholl, her brother Hans and their friend Christoph Probst were found guilty of treason and condemned to death. Sophie Scholl was born on 9th May, 1921 as the daughter of Robert Scholl,…
Giordano Bruno and the Wonders of the Universe

Giordano Bruno and the Wonders of the Universe

Giordano Bruno at the Campo di Fiori in Romephoto: ©Lysander07 On February 17, 1600, Domonican friar, philosopher, mathematician and astronomer Giordano Bruno was burned on the stake after the Roman Inquisition found him guilty of heresy. His cosmological theories went beyond the Copernican model in proposing that the Sun was essentially a star, and moreover, that the universe contained an infinite number of inhabited worlds populated by other intelligent beings.…
Sir Francis Galton – Polymath

Sir Francis Galton – Polymath

Sir Francis Galton (1822 – 1911) On February 16, 1822, the cousin of Charles Darwin, Sir Francis Galton was born. Galton the polymath, was known for his fundamental contributions to anthropology, geographics, genetics, psychology, statistics, and eugenics. Born in the near of Birmingham, the cousin of Charles Darwin grew up in a family of educated relatives and friends, since the family had close contact to the Royal Society. The child…
Nikolaus Wirth and PASCAL

Nikolaus Wirth and PASCAL

Niklaus Wirth giving a lecture On February 15, 1934, Swiss computer scientist Niklaus Emil Wirth was born. He is best known for designing several programming languages, including Pascal, and for pioneering several classic topics in software engineering. If there is (or better ‘was’) one programming language that I really loved in the same way I hated it, then it was Pascal. On the one hand it was a rather easy to…
Christopher Latham Sholes invented the QWERTY Typewriter

Christopher Latham Sholes invented the QWERTY Typewriter

Christopher Latham Sholes (1819 – 1890) On February 14, 1819,  American inventor Christopher Latham Sholes was born, who invented the first practical typewriter and is responsible for the  QWERTY keyboard layout still in use today. Christopher Latham Sholes began working as an apprentice to a printer in his teenage years and later became a newspaper publisher and politician. He started a partnership Samuel W. Soule, Charles F. Kleinstuber, and Carlos…
ENIAC – The First Computer Introduced Into Public

ENIAC – The First Computer Introduced Into Public

  On February 13, 1946, J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly introduced Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, or ENIAC, the first general purpose, electronic computer. ENIAC was a giant step forward in computing technology. Actually, the research that lead to the development of ENIAC was sponsored by the US military. The army needed a computer for calculating artillery-firing tables, the settings used for different weapons under varied conditions for target…
Charles Darwin and the Natural Selection

Charles Darwin and the Natural Selection

Charles Darwin(1809 – 1882) On February 12, 1809, the English naturalist Charles Darwin was born. He popularized the term ‘natural selection’ as a milestone in modern biology, which was introduced in his masterpiece ‘On the Origin of Species‘ in 1859. Before Darwin, several theories spread globally, especially ancient philosophers, like the pre-Socratic Empedocles distributed their ideas concerning the variety of creatures. His theory that organisms developed incidental due to period…
Photographic Pioneer Henry Fox Talbot

Photographic Pioneer Henry Fox Talbot

Photo Pioneer Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877)daguerrotype taken in 1844 On February 11, 1800, Henry Fox Talbot, British inventor and photography pioneer was born, who invented the calotype process, a precursor to photographic processes of the 19th and 20th centuries. Like other pioneers of early photography, Talbot not only was occupied with the processing technology, but also is known as an photographic artist. Moreover, Talbot’s talents also extended to mathematics, astronomy,…
Victoria and Albert – A Royal Wedding

Victoria and Albert – A Royal Wedding

Wedding of Queen Victoria and Albert On February 10, 1840, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Victoria Alexandrina was born as the fifth in the line of succession and her childhood was rather unspectacular, as her mother kept her from contact with other children and granted her an excellent home schooled education, wherefore she was…
Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Crime and Punishment

Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Crime and Punishment

Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) On February 9, 1881, famous Russian novelist, short story writer, and essayist Fyodor Dostoyevsky passed away in St. Petersburg, Russia. Dostoyevsky’s literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social and spiritual context of 19th-century Russia and is considered to be one of the greatest and most prominent psychologists in world literature. The very first piece of literature I read from Dostoyevsky was the short parable…
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